SY0-501

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STADISTICS
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Title of test:
SY0-501

Description:
Security + exam preparation

Author:
AVATAR

Creation Date:
13/08/2019

Category:
Others
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Content:
Which of the following would a security specialist be able to determine upon examination of a server’s certificate? CA public key Server private key CSR OID.
A security analyst is diagnosing an incident in which a system was compromised from an external IP address. The socket identified on the firewall was traced to 207.46.130.0:6666. Which of the following should the security analyst do to determine if the compromised system still has an active connection? tracert netstat ping nslookup.
Multiple organizations operating in the same vertical want to provide seamless wireless access for their employees as they visit the other organizations. Which of the following should be implemented if all the organizations use the native 802.1x client on their mobile devices? Shibboleth RADIUS federation SAML OAuth OpenID connect.
Which of the following BEST describes an important security advantage yielded by implementing vendor diversity? Sustainability Homogeneity Resiliency Configurability.
In a corporation where compute utilization spikes several times a year, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has requested a cost-effective architecture to handle the variable capacity demand. Which of the following characteristics BEST describes what the CIO has requested? Elasticity Scalability High availability Redundancy.
A security engineer is configuring a system that requires the X.509 certificate information to be pasted into a form field in Base64 encoded format to import it into the system. Which of the following certificate formats should the engineer use to obtain the information in the required format? PFX PEM DER CER.
Which of the following attacks specifically impacts data availability? DDoS Trojan MITM Rootkit.
A security analyst is hardening a server with the directory services role installed. The analyst must ensure LDAP traffic cannot be monitored or sniffed and maintains compatibility with LDAP clients. Which of the following should the analyst implement to meet these requirements? (Select two.) Generate an X.509-compliant certificate that is signed by a trusted CA. Install and configure an SSH tunnel on the LDAP server. Ensure port 389 is open between the clients and the servers using the communication. Ensure port 636 is open between the clients and the servers using the communication. Remote the LDAP directory service role from the server.
Which of the following threat actors is MOST likely to steal a company’s proprietary information to gain a market edge and reduce time to market? Competitor Hacktivist Insider Organized crime.
A penetration tester is crawling a target website that is available to the public. Which of the following represents the actions the penetration tester is performing? URL hijacking Reconnaissance White box testing Escalation of privilege.
Which of the following characteristics differentiate a rainbow table attack from a brute force attack? (Select two.) Rainbow table attacks greatly reduce compute cycles at attack time. Rainbow tables must include precomputed hashes Rainbow table attacks do not require access to hashed passwords. Rainbow table attacks must be performed on the network. Rainbow table attacks bypass maximum failed login restrictions.
Which of the following best describes routine in which semicolons, dashes, quotes, and commas are removed from a string? Error handling to protect against program exploitation Exception handling to protect against XSRF attacks. Input validation to protect against SQL injection. Padding to protect against string buffer overflows.
A security analyst wishes to increase the security of an FTP server. Currently, all traffic to the FTP server is unencrypted. Users connecting to the FTP server use a variety of modern FTP client software. The security analyst wants to keep the same port and protocol, while also still allowing unencrypted connections. Which of the following would BEST accomplish these goals? Require the SFTP protocol to connect to the file server. Use implicit TLS on the FTP server. Use explicit FTPS for connections. Use SSH tunneling to encrypt the FTP traffic.
Which of the following explains why vendors publish MD5 values when they provide software patches for their customers to download over the Internet? The recipient can verify integrity of the software patch. The recipient can verify the authenticity of the site used to download the patch. The recipient can request future updates to the software using the published MD5 value. The recipient can successfully activate the new software patch.
Refer to the following code: public class rainbow { public static void main (String [] args) { object blue = null; blue.hascode (); } } Which of the following vulnerabilities would occur if this is executed? Page exception Pointer deference NullPointerException Missing null check.
Multiple employees receive an email with a malicious attachment that begins to encrypt their hard drives and mapped shares on their devices when it is opened. The network and security teams perform the following actions: Shut down all network shares. Run an email search identifying all employees who received the malicious message. Reimage all devices belonging to users who opened the attachment. Next, the teams want to re-enable the network shares. Which of the following BEST describes this phase of the incident response process? Eradication Containment Recover Lessons learned.
An organization has determined it can tolerate a maximum of three hours of downtime. Which of the following has been specified? RTO RPO MTBF MTTR.
Which of the following types of keys is found in a key escrow? Public Private Shared Session.
A security analyst is reviewing the following output from an IPS: [**] [1:2467:] EXPLOIT IGMP IGAP message overflow attempt [**] [Classification: Attempted Administrator Privilege Gain] [Priority: 1] 07/30-19:45:02.23815 250.19.18.71 -> 250.19.18.22 IGMP TTL:255 TOS: 0x0 ID: 9742 IpLen:20 DgmLen: 502 MF Frag offset: 0x1FFF Frag Size: 0x01E2 [Xref => http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=2004-0367] The source IP of the attack is coming from 250.19.18.22. The source IP of the attack is coming from 250.19.18.71. The attacker sent a malformed IGAP packet, triggering the alert. The attacker sent a malformed TCP packet, triggering the alert. The TTL value is outside of the expected range, triggering the alert.
Despite having implemented password policies, users continue to set the same weak passwords and reuse old passwords. Which of the following technical controls would help prevent these policy violations? (Select two.) Password expiration Password length Password complexity Password history Password lockout.
Which of the following types of cloud infrastructures would allow several organizations with similar structures and interests to realize the benefits of shared storage and resources? Private Hybrid Public Community.
A company is currently using the following configuration: IAS server with certificate-based EAP-PEAP and MSCHAP Unencrypted authentication via PAP A security administrator needs to configure a new wireless setup with the following configurations: PAP authentication method PEAP and EAP provide two-factor authentication Which of the following forms of authentication are being used? (Select two.) PAP PEAP MSCHAP PEAP- MSCHAP EAP EAP-PEAP.
A company determines that it is prohibitively expensive to become compliant with new credit card regulations. Instead, the company decides to purchase insurance to cover the cost of any potential loss. Which of the following is the company doing? Transferring the risk Accepting the risk Avoiding the risk Migrating the risk.
A company is using a mobile device deployment model in which employees use their personal devices for work at their own discretion. Some of the problems the company is encountering include the following: There is no standardization. Employees ask for reimbursement for their devices. Employees do not replace their devices often enough to keep them running efficiently. The company does not have enough control over the devices. Which of the following is a deployment model that would help the company overcome these problems? BYOD VDI COPE CYOD.
A botnet has hit a popular website with a massive number of GRE-encapsulated packets to perform a DDoS attack. News outlets discover a certain type of refrigerator was exploited and used to send outbound packets to the website that crashed. To which of the following categories does the refrigerator belong? SoC ICS IoT MFD.
Users report the following message appears when browsing to the company’s secure site: This website cannot be trusted. Which of the following actions should a security analyst take to resolve these messages? (Select two.) Verify the certificate has not expired on the server. Ensure the certificate has a .pfx extension on the server. Update the root certificate into the client computer certificate store. Install the updated private key on the web server. Have users clear their browsing history and relaunch the session.
When trying to log onto a company’s new ticketing system, some employees receive the following message: Access denied: too many concurrent sessions. The ticketing system was recently installed on a small VM with only the recommended hardware specifications. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause for this error message? Network resources have been exceeded. The software is out of licenses. The VM does not have enough processing power. The firewall is misconfigured.
Joe, an employee, wants to show his colleagues how much he knows about smartphones. Joe demonstrates a free movie application that he installed from a third party on his corporate smartphone. Joe’s colleagues were unable to find the application in the app stores. Which of the following allowed Joe to install the application? (Select two.) Near-field communication. Rooting/jailbreaking Ad-hoc connections Tethering Sideloading.
Which of the following can be provided to an AAA system for the identification phase? Username Permissions One-time token Private certificate.
Which of the following implements two-factor authentication? A phone system requiring a PIN to make a call At ATM requiring a credit card and PIN A computer requiring username and password A datacenter mantrap requiring fingerprint and iris scan.
Malicious traffic from an internal network has been detected on an unauthorized port on an application server. Which of the following network-based security controls should the engineer consider implementing? ACLs HIPS NAT MAC filtering.
A network administrator wants to implement a method of securing internal routing. Which of the following should the administrator implement? DMZ NAT VPN PAT.
A security administrator is developing controls for creating audit trails and tracking if a PHI data breach is to occur. The administrator has been given the following requirements: All access must be correlated to a user account. All user accounts must be assigned to a single individual. User access to the PHI data must be recorded. Anomalies in PHI data access must be reported. Logs and records cannot be deleted or modified. Which of the following should the administrator implement to meet the above requirements? (Select three.) Eliminate shared accounts. Create a standard naming convention for accounts. Implement usage auditing and review. Enable account lockout thresholds. Copy logs in real time to a secured WORM drive. Implement time-of-day restrictions. Perform regular permission audits and reviews.
Which of the following encryption methods does PKI typically use to securely protect keys? Elliptic curve Digital signatures Asymmetric Obfuscation.
An organization is using a tool to perform a source code review. Which of the following describes the case in which the tool incorrectly identifies the vulnerability? False negative True negative False positive True positive.
A department head at a university resigned on the first day of the spring semester. It was subsequently determined that the department head deleted numerous files and directories from the server-based home directory while the campus was closed. Which of the following policies or procedures could have prevented this from occurring? Time-of-day restrictions Permission auditing and review Offboarding Account expiration.
A database backup schedule consists of weekly full backups performed on Saturday at 12:00 a.m. and daily differential backups also performed at 12:00 a.m. If the database is restored on Tuesday afternoon, which of the following is the number of individual backups that would need to be applied to complete the database recovery? 1 2 3 4.
Which of the following security controls does an iris scanner provide? Logical Administrative Corrective Physical Detective Deterrent.
As part of a new industry regulation, companies are required to utilize secure, standardized OS settings. A technical must ensure the OS settings are hardened. Which of the following is the BEST way to do this? Use a vulnerability scanner. Use a configuration compliance scanner. Use a passive, in-line scanner. Use a protocol analyzer.
A user has attempted to access data at a higher classification level than the user’s account is currently authorized to access. Which of the following access control models has been applied to this user’s account? MAC DAC RBAC ABAC.
A security consultant discovers that an organization is using the PCL protocol to print documents, utilizing the default driver and print settings. Which of the following is the MOST likely risk in this situation? An attacker can access and change the printer configuration. SNMP data leaving the printer will not be properly encrypted. An MITM attack can reveal sensitive information. An attacker can easily inject malicious code into the printer firmware. Attackers can use the PCL protocol to bypass the firewall of client computers.
An organization finds that most help desk calls are regarding account lockout due to a variety of applications running on different systems. Management is looking for a solution to reduce the number of account lockouts while improving security. Which of the following is the BEST solution for this organization? Create multiple application accounts for each user. Provide secure tokens. Implement SSO. Utilize role-based access control.
When performing data acquisition on a workstation, which of the following should be captured based on memory volatility? (Select two.) USB-attached hard disk Swap/pagefile Mounted network storage ROM RAM.
Ann, a security administrator, has been instructed to perform fuzz-based testing on the company's applications. Which of the following best describes what she will do? Enter random or invalid data into the application in an attempt to cause it to faul Work with the developers to eliminate horizontal privilege escalation opportunities Test the applications for the existence of built-in- back doors left by the developers Hash the application to verify it won't cause a false positive on the HIPS.
An attacker compromises a public CA and issues unauthorized X.509 certificates for Company.com. In the future, Company.com wants to mitigate the impact of similar incidents. Which of the following would assist Company.com with its goal? Certificate pinning Certificate stapling Certificate chaining Certificate with extended validation.
A systems administrator is attempting to recover from a catastrophic failure in the datacenter. To recover the domain controller, the systems administrator needs to provide the domain administrator credentials. Which of the following account types is the systems administrator using? Shared account Guest account Service account User account.
A security administrator has found a hash in the environment known to belong to malware. The administrator then finds this file to be in in the preupdate area of the OS, which indicates it was pushed from the central patch system. File: winx86_adobe_flash_upgrade.exe Hash: 99ac28bede43ab869b853ba62c4ea243 The administrator pulls a report from the patch management system with the following output: Given the above outputs, which of the following MOST likely happened? The file was corrupted after it left the patch system. The file was infected when the patch manager downloaded it. The file was not approved in the application whitelist system. The file was embedded with a logic bomb to evade detection.
A network administrator at a small office wants to simplify the configuration of mobile clients connecting to an encrypted wireless network. Which of the following should be implemented if the administrator does not want to provide the wireless password or the certificate to the employees? WPS 802.1x WPA2-PSK TKIP.
When connected to a secure WAP, which of the following encryption technologies is MOST likely to be configured when connecting to WPA2-PSK? DES AES MD5 WEP.
A company has a data classification system with definitions for “Private” and “Public”. The company’s security policy outlines how data should be protected based on type. The company recently added the data type “Proprietary”. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason the company added this data type? Reduced cost More searchable data Better data classification Expanded authority of the privacy officer.
When configuring settings in a mandatory access control environment, which of the following specifies the subjects that can access specific data objects? Owner System Administrator User.
A high-security defense installation recently begun utilizing large guard dogs that bark very loudly and excitedly at the slightest provocation. Which of the following types of controls does this BEST describe? Deterrent Preventive Detective Compensating.
A company’s user lockout policy is enabled after five unsuccessful login attempts. The help desk notices a user is repeatedly locked out over the course of a workweek. Upon contacting the user, the help desk discovers the user is on vacation and does not have network access. Which of the following types of attacks are MOST likely occurring? (Choose two.) Replay Rainbow tables Brute force Pass the hash Dictionary.
Ann, an employee in the payroll department, has contacted the help desk citing multiple issues with her device, including: Slow performance Word documents, PDFs, and images no longer opening A pop-up Ann states the issues began after she opened an invoice that a vendor emailed to her. Upon opening the invoice, she had to click several security warnings to view it in her word processor. With which of the following is the device MOST likely infected? Spyware Crypto-malware Rootkit Backdoor.
A company is terminating an employee for misbehavior. Which of the following steps is MOST important in the process of disengagement from this employee? Obtain a list of passwords used by the employee. Generate a report on outstanding projects the employee handled. Have the employee surrender company identification. Have the employee sign an NDA before departing.
A company is developing a new secure technology and requires computers being used for development to be isolated. Which of the following should be implemented to provide the MOST secure environment? A perimeter firewall and IDS An air gapped computer network A honeypot residing in a DMZ An ad hoc network with NAT A bastion host.
Which of the following is an important step to take BEFORE moving any installation packages from a test environment to production? Roll back changes in the test environment Verify the hashes of files Archive and compress the files Update the secure baseline.
A user clicked an email link that led to a website than infected the workstation with a virus. The virus encrypted all the network shares to which the user had access. The virus was not deleted or blocked by the company’s email filter, website filter, or antivirus. Which of the following describes what occurred? The user’s account was over-privileged. Improper error handling triggered a false negative in all three controls. The email originated from a private email server with no malware protection. The virus was a zero-day attack.
An organization wishes to provide better security for its name resolution services. Which of the following technologies BEST supports the deployment of DNSSEC at the organization? LDAP TPM TLS SSL PKI.
A company hires a consulting firm to crawl its Active Directory network with a non-domain account looking for unpatched systems. Actively taking control of systems is out of scope, as is the creation of new administrator accounts. For which of the following is the company hiring the consulting firm? Vulnerability scanning Penetration testing Application fuzzing User permission auditing.
An administrator is replacing a wireless router. The configuration of the old wireless router was not documented before it stopped functioning. The equipment connecting to the wireless network uses older legacy equipment that was manufactured prior to the release of the 802.11i standard. Which of the following configuration options should the administrator select for the new wireless router? WPA+CCMP WPA2+CCMP WPA+TKIP WPA2+TKIP.
An application team is performing a load-balancing test for a critical application during off-hours and has requested access to the load balancer to review which servers are up without having the administrator on call. The security analyst is hesitant to give the application team full access due to other critical applications running on the load balancer. Which of the following is the BEST solution for security analyst to process the request? Give the application team administrator access during off-hours. Disable other critical applications before granting the team access. Give the application team read-only access. Share the account with the application team.
Which of the following cryptographic attacks would salting of passwords render ineffective? Brute force Dictionary Rainbow tables Birthday.
A security analyst is hardening an authentication server. One of the primary requirements is to ensure there is mutual authentication and delegation. Given these requirements, which of the following technologies should the analyst recommend and configure? LDAP services Kerberos services NTLM services CHAP services.
Two users need to send each other emails over unsecured channels. The system should support the principle of non-repudiation. Which of the following should be used to sign the user’s certificates? RA CA CRL CSR.
Which of the following attack types BEST describes a client-side attack that is used to manipulate an HTML iframe with JavaScript code via a web browser? Buffer overflow MITM XSS SQLi.
An incident responder receives a call from a user who reports a computer is exhibiting symptoms consistent with a malware infection. Which of the following steps should the responder perform NEXT? Capture and document necessary information to assist in the response. Request the user capture and provide a screenshot or recording of the symptoms. Use a remote desktop client to collect and analyze the malware in real time. Ask the user to back up files for later recovery.
A senior incident response manager receives a call about some external IPs communicating with internal computers during off hours. Which of the following types of malware is MOST likely causing this issue? Botnet Ransomware Polymorphic malware Armored virus.
Which of the following technologies employ the use of SAML? (Select two.) Single sign-on Federation LDAP Secure token RADIUS.
Which of the following specifically describes the exploitation of an interactive process to access otherwise restricted areas of the OS? Privilege escalation Pivoting Process affinity Buffer overflow.
After a user reports slow computer performance, a system administrator detects a suspicious file, which was installed as part of a freeware software package. The systems administrator reviews the output below: Based on the below information, which of the following types of malware was installed on the user’s computer? RAT Keylogger Spyware Worm.
Which of the following network vulnerability scan indicators BEST validates a successful, active scan? The scan job is scheduled to run during off-peak hours. The scan output lists SQL injection attack vectors. The scan data identifies the use of privileged-user credentials. The scan results identify the hostname and IP address.
An analyst wants to implement a more secure wireless authentication for office access points. Which of the following technologies allows for encrypted authentication of wireless clients over TLS? PEAP EAP WPA2 RADIUS.
When systems, hardware, or software are not supported by the original vendor, it is a vulnerability known as: system sprawl end-of-life systems resource exhaustion a default configuration.
A company has three divisions, each with its own networks and services. The company decides to make its secure web portal accessible to all employees utilizing their existing usernames and passwords. The security administrator has elected to use SAML to support authentication. In this scenario, which of the following will occur when users try to authenticate to the portal? (Select two.) The portal will function as a service provider and request an authentication assertion. The portal will function as an identity provider and issue an authentication assertion. The portal will request an authentication ticket from each network that is transitively trusted. The back-end networks will function as an identity provider and issue an authentication assertion The back-end networks will request authentication tickets from the portal, which will act as the third-party service provider authentication store. The back-end networks will verify the assertion token issued by the portal functioning as the identity provider.
Which of the following is the BEST explanation of why control diversity is important in a defensein- depth architecture? Social engineering is used to bypass technical controls, so having diversity in controls minimizes the risk of demographic exploitation Hackers often impact the effectiveness of more than one control, so having multiple copies of individual controls provides redundancy Technical exploits to defeat controls are released almost every day; control diversity provides overlapping protection. Defense-in-depth relies on control diversity to provide multiple levels of network hierarchy that allow user domain segmentation.
A system administrator wants to provide balance between the security of a wireless network and usability. The administrator is concerned with wireless encryption compatibility of older devices used by some employees. Which of the following would provide strong security and backward Open wireless network and SSL VPN WPA using a preshared key WPA2 using a RADIUS back-end for 802.1x authentication WEP with a 40-bit key.
An information security specialist is reviewing the following output from a Linux server. Based on the below information, which of the following types of malware was installed on the server? Logic bomb Trojan Backdoor Ransomware Rootkit.
In terms of encrypting data, which of the following is BEST described as a way to safeguard password data by adding random data to it in storage? Using salt Using hash algorithms Implementing elliptical curve Implementing PKI.
A system administrator wants to provide for and enforce wireless access accountability during events where external speakers are invited to make presentations to a mixed audience of employees and non-employees. Which of the following should the administrator implement? Shared accounts Preshared passwords Least privilege Sponsored guest.
Which of the following would MOST likely appear in an uncredentialed vulnerability scan? Self-signed certificates Missing patches Auditing parameters Inactive local accounts.
A security analyst observes the following events in the logs of an employee workstation: Given the information provided, which of the following MOST likely occurred on the workstation? Application whitelisting controls blocked an exploit payload from executing. Antivirus software found and quarantined three malware files. Automatic updates were initiated but failed because they had not been approved. The SIEM log agent was not tuned properly and reported a false positive.
When identifying a company’s most valuable assets as part of a BIA, which of the following should be the FIRST priority? Life Intellectual property Sensitive data Public reputation.
An organization needs to implement a large PKI. Network engineers are concerned that repeated transmission of the OCSP will impact network performance. Which of the following should the security analyst recommend is lieu of an OCSP? CSR CRL CA OID.
When considering a third-party cloud service provider, which of the following criteria would be the BEST to include in the security assessment process? (Select two.) Use of performance analytics Adherence to regulatory compliance Data retention policies Size of the corporation Breadth of applications support.
Which of the following occurs when the security of a web application relies on JavaScript for input validation? The integrity of the data is at risk. The security of the application relies on antivirus. A host-based firewall is required. The application is vulnerable to race conditions.
The application is vulnerable to race conditions. Which of the following vulnerabilities is present? Bad memory pointer Buffer overflow Integer overflow Backdoor.
An organization's file server has been virtualized to reduce costs. Which of the following types of backups would be MOST appropriate for the particular file server? Snapshot Full Incremental Differential.
A wireless network uses a RADIUS server that is connected to an authenticator, which in turn connects to a supplicant. Which of the following represents the authentication architecture in use? Open systems authentication Captive portal RADIUS federation 802.1x.
An employer requires that employees use a key-generating app on their smartphones to log into corporate applications. In terms of authentication of an individual, this type of access policy is BEST defined as: Something you have. Something you know. Something you do. Something you are.
Adhering to a layered security approach, a controlled access facility employs security guards who verify the authorization of all personnel entering the facility. Which of the following terms BEST describes the security control being employed? Administrative Corrective Deterrent Compensating.
A security analyst is hardening a web server, which should allow a secure certificate-based session using the organization’s PKI infrastructure. The web server should also utilize the latest security techniques and standards. Given this set of requirements, which of the following techniques should the analyst implement to BEST meet these requirements? (Select two.) Install an X- 509-compliant certificate. Implement a CRL using an authorized CA. Enable and configure TLS on the server. Install a certificate signed by a public CA. Configure the web server to use a host header.
A manager wants to distribute a report to several other managers within the company. Some of them reside in remote locations that are not connected to the domain but have a local server. Because there is sensitive data within the report and the size of the report is beyond the limit of the email attachment size, emailing the report is not an option. Which of the following protocols should be implemented to distribute the report securely? (Select three.) S/MIME SSH SNMPv3 FTPS SRTP HTTPS LDAPS.
An auditor is reviewing the following output from a password-cracking tool: Which of the following methods did the auditor MOST likely use? Hybrid Dictionary Brute force Rainbow table.
Which of the following must be intact for evidence to be admissible in court? Chain of custody Order of volatility Legal hold Preservation.
A vulnerability scanner that uses its running service’s access level to better assess vulnerabilities across multiple assets within an organization is performing a: Credentialed scan. Non-intrusive scan. Privilege escalation test. Passive scan.
Which of the following cryptography algorithms will produce a fixed-length, irreversible output? AES 3DES RSA MD5.
A technician suspects that a system has been compromised. The technician reviews the following log entry: WARNING- hash mismatch: C:\Window\SysWOW64\user32.dll WARNING- hash mismatch: C:\Window\SysWOW64\kernel32.dll Based solely ono the above information, which of the following types of malware is MOST likely installed on the system? Rootkit Ransomware Trojan Backdoor.
A new firewall has been places into service at an organization. However, a configuration has not been entered on the firewall. Employees on the network segment covered by the new firewall report they are unable to access the network. Which of the following steps should be completed to BEST resolve the issue? The firewall should be configured to prevent user traffic form matching the implicit deny rule. The firewall should be configured with access lists to allow inbound and outbound traffic. The firewall should be configured with port security to allow traffic. The firewall should be configured to include an explicit deny rule.
Which of the following are the MAIN reasons why a systems administrator would install security patches in a staging environment before the patches are applied to the production server? (Select two.) To prevent server availability issues To verify the appropriate patch is being installed To generate a new baseline hash after patching To allow users to test functionality To ensure users are trained on new functionality.
A Chief Information Officer (CIO) drafts an agreement between the organization and its employees. The agreement outlines ramifications for releasing information without consent and/or approvals. Which of the following BEST describes this type of agreement? ISA NDA MOU SLA.
Which of the following would meet the requirements for multifactor authentication? Username, PIN, and employee ID number Fingerprint and password Smart card and hardware token Voice recognition and retina scan.
A manager suspects that an IT employee with elevated database access may be knowingly modifying financial transactions for the benefit of a competitor. Which of the following practices should the manager implement to validate the concern? Separation of duties Mandatory vacations Background checks Security awareness training.
A penetration tester finds that a company’s login credentials for the email client were being sent in clear text. Which of the following should be done to provide encrypted logins to the email server? Enable IPSec and configure SMTP Enable SSH and LDAP credentials Enable MIME services and POP3. Enable an SSL certificate for IMAP services.
Before an infection was detected, several of the infected devices attempted to access a URL that was similar to the company name but with two letters transposed. Which of the following BEST describes the attack vector used to infect the devices? Cross-site scripting DNS poisoning Typo squatting URL hijacking.
A system administrator is reviewing the following information from a compromised server. Given the below information, which of the following processes was MOST likely exploited via remote buffer overflow attack? Apache LSASS MySQL TFTP.
Joe, a security administrator, needs to extend the organization’s remote access functionality to be used by staff while travelling. Joe needs to maintain separate access control functionalities for internal, external, and VOIP services. Which of the following represents the BEST access technology for Joe to use? RADIUS TACACS+ Diameter Kerberos.
The availability of a system has been labeled as the highest priority. Which of the following should be focused on the MOST to ensure the objective? Authentication HVAC Full-disk encryption File integrity checking.
As part of the SDLC, a third party is hired to perform a penetration test. The third party will have access to the source code, integration tests, and network diagrams. Which of the following BEST describes the assessment being performed? Black box Regression White box Fuzzing.
A dumpster diver recovers several hard drives from a company and is able to obtain confidential data from one of the hard drives. The company then discovers its information is posted online. Which of the following methods would have MOST likely prevented the data from being exposed? Removing the hard drive from its enclosure Using software to repeatedly rewrite over the disk space Using Blowfish encryption on the hard drives Using magnetic fields to erase the data.
Which of the following are methods to implement HA in a web application server environment? (Select two.) Load balancers Application layer firewalls VPN concentrators Reverse proxies Routers.
An application developer is designing an application involving secure transports from one service to another that will pass over port 80 for a request. Which of the following secure protocols is the developer MOST likely to use? FTPS SFTP SSL LDAPS SSH.
Which of the following precautions MINIMIZES the risk from network attacks directed at multifunction printers, as well as the impact on functionality at the same time? Isolating the systems using VLANs Installing a software-based IPS on all devices Enabling full disk encryption Implementing a unique user PIN access functions.
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